Pune is one of the worldwide biodiversity hotspots and an UNESCO World Heritage Region
Layered breasted munias, rose ringed parakeets, red-vented bulbuls, spotted owls, rock/non domesticated pigeons and uncommon species, for example, the Indian dark hornbill that fold through the Pune sky are presently being recorded in a first-of-its-sort venture in Maharashtra called Pune Bird Atlas (PBA).
“Pune is one of the global biodiversity hotspots and a UNESCO World Heritage Region. The city is also continuously changing. If you look at old photographs, you will see that the hills were grasslands but, now, have mostly become jungles. We need to see if, with this changing habitat, there are species that are altering their preferences and behaviour in the Indian city area. What has been the impact on breeding now that several parks have come up where some of the species have started roosting? We are trying to address the question of which species occur in Pune and in which areas,” said Siddharth Biniwale, who is a naturalist and a core member of PBA with Pankaj Koparde, Kedar Chaphekar, Pooja Pawar and Madhur Rathi.
The information is transferred in e-fledgling, a task of Cornell University’s Lab of Ornithology, which is being facilitated in India by Bird Count India, under whose aegis PBA works. The information is planned to assist researchers with investigating a more extensive image of the earth and neighborhood transient examples, among others. “In 1998-2000, the city’s biodiversity was surveyed and monitored, including birds. It is after 20 years that another big initiative is taking place. There are birding hotspots such as the tekdis and Pashan lake as well as the Mulla Mutha. These areas have developed a lot of data over the last 10-20 years but there are huge gaps in between. We would like to have continuous data available for every ward of the city. This will be a database that will be used as a reference point for any conservation activity related to biodiversity,” says Sanjeev Nalavade, resigned teacher and previous HOD of the Geography division of Fergusson College and a birder of 40 years’ understanding.
The thought for PBA was contributed January 2020 and information assortment began in February. By March, when spring was noticeable all around, the city was packed as winter transients, for example, the loud reed songbird had not left however the late spring guests, for example, the chestnut followed starling had begun showing up. Barbets were by and large boisterous and reproducing and, as a shock, volunteers heard the normal falcon cuckoo, which is an inhabitant flying creature yet more vocal during storm. Members considered waterways, channels, streams and sewage waste just as quarries on Vetal tekdi, which are frequents of the white throated kingfisher and different flying creatures. “We were at our peak data collection when the pandemic was announced and we had to shut down,” says Biniwale. They recorded almost 170 species. “We will continue PBA for three years or more so we can analyse the data accurately,” says Biniwale.
PBA is a resident science activity and has in excess of 100 volunteers, from youngsters to senior residents. As indicated by convention, the Pune Municipal Corporation region was laid on Google Map and partitioned into lattices of 2.2 sq km, every one of which was additionally isolated into 1.1 x 1.1 sq km sub-networks that were examining units. Dynamic and experienced birders were permitted regions where they live and, as facilitators, worked with two or three volunteers for every group. Nalavade is accountable for twelve wards from Western Pune, and administers birders and aides them.
“Some core members, such as myself, kept rotating just to help everyone collect data more scientifically correct and according to protocol,” says Biniwale. Individuals strolled around the framework for 15 minutes and experienced an agenda, which is a rundown of feathered creatures with numbers, species just as overhang spread, which changes from Hanuman slope and Vetal Tekdi to Swargate. They additionally take a gander at endeavors by residents who set up feeders and water basins on the grounds that these pull in fowls in dry season and fledgling check rises.
Ranjana Gosavi, a product engineer and energetic birder, says, “My area has a lot of diverse trees and it is an old society so I see a lot of birds.
There was a day when they recognized 28 species in a one km round.”
Disclaimer: The views, suggestions, and opinions expressed here are the sole responsibility of the experts. No Daily Pune journalist was involved in the writing and production of this article.